Quizzes: Verb Tense 2

Select the answer that contains the correct tense of the bolded verb.

1) Following the completion of renovations to Carnegie Hall's main auditorium in 1986, concert-goers (complained/had complained) that the famous acoustics of the concert hall had been diminished.
2) After she was confirmed as Under Secretary of Commerce for Oceans and Atmosphere in 2009, Jane Lubchenco (declared/had declared) her expectation that science would play a key role in the development of a green economy.
3) Alexander the Great, who was responsible for creating the largest empire in the ancient world, (eventually became/had eventually become) one of the greatest military commanders of all time.
4) The term "social justice," which had been coined by the Jesuit Luigi Taparelli in 1840, (was/had been popularized in 1848 by the Italian priest and philosopher Antonio Rosmini-Serbati.
5) In 1917, the administration of Yellowstone National Park passed from the military to the National Park Service, which (was/had been) created by President Woodrow Wilson the previous year.
6) The Great Comet of 1577 passed so close to the Earth that the inhabitants of countries across Europe (observed/had observed) it with their bare eyes.

7) Johannes Kepler, who played a key role in the seventeenth century scientific revolution, is best known for his laws of planetary motion, which (were/had been) codified by later astronomers.
8) Labor unions, which originated in Europe, (became/had become) internationally popular by time the Industrial Revolution began in the early nineteenth century.
9) By the time Húgo Chavez was elected President of Venezuela in 1998, he (already served/had already served) as a military officer for many years and risen to national prominence as the leader of the Fifth Republic Movement political party.
10) During the centuries following its founding in 1361, the University of Pavia grew steadily in prestige because it (continued/had continued) to attract renowned scholars as well as increasing numbers of applicants.