Question of the Day April

 

4/30/18

 

A beetle’s wings are rarely visible. Hidden behind armored shields on the creature’s back and unfolding in whirring sheets, whisking their clumsy owners away from danger.

 

A. NO CHANGE
B. back, they unfold
C. back to unfold
D. back and unfold

 

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4/29/18

 

In the first half of the twentieth century, tornadoes were said so unpredictable that in order to prevent mass hysteria, the word “tornado” was forbidden from weather forecasts. Progress on the forecasting front moved slowly until the 1970s, when the first Doppler radar allowed scientists to track a storm’s development and spot the signs of a developing twister.

 

A. NO CHANGE
B. considered
C. viewed
D. described

 

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4/28/18

 

The correlation between bad moods and negative judgments allows people to make informed guesses about how others are feeling by observing their actions and choices.

 

A. NO CHANGE
B. judgments allow
C. judgments have allowed
D. judgments, which allow

 

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4/27/18

 

The original Shinkansen, or bullet train, connects the largest Japanese cities of Tokyo and Osaka, is the world’s busiest high-speed rail line. Carrying 151 million passengers per year, it has transported more travelers than any other high-speed line in the world.

 

A. NO CHANGE
B. train connects
C. train connects:
D. train, which connects

 

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4/26/18

 

In the mid-nineteenth century, the Oregon Trail was the principle pathway for immigrants seeking land and opportunity on the American frontier. From its main departure points in Missouri, the grueling overland route stretched 2,000 miles over the Great Plains and the Continental Divide, finally ending in the fertile Willamette Valley or the gold fields of California.

 

A. NO CHANGE
B. principal pathway for
C. principle pathway to
D. principal pathway to

 

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4/25/18

 

A snowflake begins to form when an extremely cold water droplet freezes onto a pollen or dust particle in the sky, this creates an ice crystal. As the ice crystal falls to the ground, water vapor freezes onto the primary crystal, building new crystals – the six arms of the snowflake.

 

A. NO CHANGE
B. sky and create
C. sky, creating
D. sky; creating

 

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4/24/18

 

Not so long ago, astronomers didn’t know if there were planets outside our solar system or, if there were, whether it could ever be found. But starting with the 1995 discovery of a planet circling the sun-like star 51 Pegasi, there has been a revolution.

 

A. NO CHANGE
B. this
C. they
D. DELETE the underlined word.

 

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4/23/18

 

In recent years, robotics has found its way into our everyday lives, changing them in fundamental ways. Designers have a central role to play in this process, which they shape the interfaces between humans and machines.

 

A. NO CHANGE
B. process:
C. process,
D. process that

 

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4/22/18

 

Researchers at the University of Maryland have developed a super-lightweight insulating material that, they claim, could prove to be a superior alternative to styrofoam. The material, made from tiny wood fibers, is called nanowood.

 

A. NO CHANGE
B. material, that they
C. material that they
D. material and they

 

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4/21/18

 

Hummingbirds have long intrigued scientists. Their wings can beat 80 times a second, and their hearts can beat more than 1,000 times a minute. They consume nothing but nectar—a sugar- and nutrient-rich liquid produced by plants—they are capable of packing on 40 percent of their body weight in fat for migration.

 

A. NO CHANGE
B. Because they
C. Although they
D. Since they

 

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4/20/18

 

The Megalodon, a prehistoric ancestor of the modern shark, had a bite force of 12 to 20 tons, somewhere between six and ten times stronger than a modern Great White.

 

A. NO CHANGE
B. then a modern Great White.
C. than that of a modern Great White.
D. than those of a modern Great White.

 

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4/19/18

 

Steve Desch, an astrophysicist at the University of Arizona, can see the future of exoplanet research, and it’s not pretty. Imagine, he says, that astronomers use NASA’s upcoming James Webb Space Telescope to scour the atmosphere of an Earth-mass world for signs of life. They might chase hints of atmospheric oxygen for years before realizing they were false positives produced by geological activity instead of living things.

 

As it is used in the passage, “scour” most nearly means

 

A. cleanse.
B. consume.
C. search.
D. burnish.

 

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4/18/18

 

With the car windows down on the first warm day of spring, the urge is unshakable. You extend your arm into the wind, tracing the city skyline in a natural motion somewhere between swimming and waving. As you move your hand, altering the flow of the air. The redirected air in turn exerts a force on your hand.

 

A. NO CHANGE
B. hand and alter
C. hand, you alter
D. hand to alter

 

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4/17/18

 

Although the concept of sleep-learning, also referred to as hypnopaedia, has been discredited, neuroscientists are now discovering ways to use stimuli such as sound cues during sleep to strengthen peoples’ memories.

 

A. NO CHANGE
B. peoples memories’.
C. people’s memories.
D. people’s memory’s.

 

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4/16/18

 

Once upon a time, it seems that Mars had oceans. However, the exact appearance of these bodies of surface water is a matter of intense debate. Most evidence points towards the deep past, some 4 billion years ago, as the age where Mars could have held marine environments. Since then, the red planet has most likely been cold and arid, with only the occasional shift of climate conditions.

 

A. NO CHANGE
B. in which
C. which
D. in that

 

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4/15/18

 

Baseball has a long and rich history in Japanese-American diplomacy. After the sport was introduced to Japan in the 1870s by the American educator Horace Wilson, it became an important part of Japanese popular culture. Over time, baseball has served as a unifier, bringing together the people of two nations with very different histories and cultures.

 

A. NO CHANGE
B. educator, Horace Wilson
C. educator, Horace Wilson,
D. educator Horace Wilson

 

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4/14/18

 

One of the most renowned architects of the twentieth century, Frank Lloyd Wright was the pioneer of the Prairie School movement and he developed the Usonian home, his unique vision for urban planning in the United States.

 

A. NO CHANGE
B. and developing
C. the developer of
D. had developed

 

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4/13/18

 

In terms of intelligence, the octopus stands far above most other animals. During one really cool study, researchers tested whether this creature is able to distinguish between different people. Two individuals interacted with an octopus, with one acting extremely friendly and another seeming cold and standoffish. Later, when the two people entered the octopus’s living area, the octopus ignored the impersonal one in favor of the friendlier guest.

 

A. NO CHANGE
B. awesome
C. intriguing
D. totally neat

 

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4/12/18

 

In the early days of mariachi music, players dressed informally. With increased employment opportunities and more formal presentations, however, uniforms became common. When mariachis first acquired the purchasing power to dress their groups in uniforms, the apparel they had chose most often was the charro suit, which consisted of fitted trousers, a short jacket, and an embroidered belt.

 

A. NO CHANGE
B. have chosen
C. chose
D. choose

 

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4/11/18

 

You can probably recall a situation, in sports or otherwise, in which you felt like you had momentum on your side: your body was in sync, your mind was focused, and you had a high level of confidence. In these moments of flow, success feels inevitable—and effortless.

 

A. NO CHANGE
B. you had a high confidence level.
C. your high confidence level.
D. your level of confidence was high.

 

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4/10/18

 

Despite decades of research, the sun remains an enigma. Every 11 years or so its activity spikes, creating flares and coronal mass ejections—the plasma-spewing eruptions that shower Earth with charged particles and beautiful auroral displays. Then, however, the so-called solar maximum fades toward solar minimum, and the sun’s surface grows eerie quiet.

 

A. NO CHANGE
B. eerily quiet.
C. eerie quietly.
D. eerily quietly.

 

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4/9/18

 

According to research, people are generally biased toward believing that information is true. (After all, most things that we read or hear are true.) In fact, there’s some evidence that we initially process all statements as true and that cognitive effort is required to mentally mark some of them as false.

 

In the last sentence, the word “mark” most nearly means

 

A. distort.
B. label.
C. transmit.
D. inscribe.

 

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4/8/17

 

It has taken a while for scientists to piece together the riddle of just when and where cats first became domesticated. In many cases, this type of question can be easily answered by the archaeological record, but in this instance the matter is complicated by the fact that wild cats and domesticated cats have remarkably similar skeletons.

 

All of the following placements for the underlined word would be acceptable EXCEPT

 

A. where it is now.
B. after the word can.
C. after the word answered.
D. after the word the.

 

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4/7/18

 

Knowing that an employee demonstrates high levels of conscientiousness won’t tell you whether his or her work will be careful or sloppy if you inspect it at a particular moment. But if a large company hires hundreds of employees which are all conscientious, this strategy will likely pay off with a small but consistent average increase in careful work.

 

A. NO CHANGE
B. who
C. whom
D. DELETE the underlined word.

 

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4/6/18

 

Growing hardy and plentiful on short, stout bushes, the prairie cherry’s ornamental blooms and glossy leaves produce a deep-red fruit that is less sweet than the traditional cherry, and can be eaten straight from the tree.

 

A. NO CHANGE
B. cherry, and can be eaten straight,
C. cherry and can be eaten straight
D. cherry and can be eaten straight,

 

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4/5/18

 

During the early days of space travel, astronauts squeezed most of their meals out of tubes. A sugary, orange-flavored drink, sold commercially as Tang, was considered a tasty treat. Food was fuel, and little more. Meals are stored in locker trays held by a net so they won’t float away. In fact astronauts can dine on a variety of freeze-dried meals using regular forks and spoons. And, for a few years, crews in the International Space Station (ISS) have been able to savor a taste of food that’s actually fresh.

 

Which of the following provides the best transition between the previous sentence and the sentence that follows?

 

A. NO CHANGE
B. Salt and pepper are available, but only in liquid form.
C. Today, eating in space has become much less of a chore.
D. Being in space can put a damper on an astronaut’s appetite.

 

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4/4/18

 

Fraudulent images have been around for as long as photography itself, but Photoshop ushered image doctoring into the digital age. Now, artificial intelligence is poised to take photographic fakery to a new level of sophistication thanks to artificial neural networks who’s algorithms can analyze millions of pictures of real people and places and use them to create convincing fictional ones.

 

A. NO CHANGE
B. who’s algorithms’
C. whose algorithm’s
D. whose algorithms

 

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4/3/18

 

The human eye may seem capable of taking in a lot of information, but in reality it can focus on only a thumbnail-sized area of vision—the brain fills in the rest. Furthermore, peripheral vision provides less details than central vision does, conveying images at a much lower resolution.

 

A. NO CHANGE
B. less details then
C. fewer details than
D. fewer details as

 

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4/2/18

 

When trying to learn new material, you might assume that the more work you put in, the better you will perform. Yet taking the occasional down time – to do literally nothing – may be exactly what you need. Dimming the lights, sitting back, and enjoying a few moments of quality contemplation will help one retain the information much more effectively.

 

A. NO CHANGE
B. us
C. you
D. them

 

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4/1/18

 

Kagome baskets are characterized by a symmetrical pattern of interlaced triangles. A pattern that has preoccupied physicists for decades.

 

A. NO CHANGE
B. triangles, it is a pattern
C. triangles—a pattern
D. triangles; a pattern

 

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